The Sumxu, Chinese Lop-Eared Cat, Drop-eared cat, Droop-eared cat, or Hanging-Ear cat, all names referring to its characteristic feature of pendulous ears, was a long-haired lop-eared breed of cat now considered extinct. The descriptions are based on reports from travellers, on a live cat taken to Hamburg by a sailor and on a taxidermy specimen exhibited in Germany. The cats were valued as pets, but was also described as a food. The last reported Chinese Lop-eared cat was in 1938. It is believed to be a mutation similar to that found in the Scottish Fold. The name Sumxu originally described the Yellow-Throated Marten, but a series of mistranslations caused the name to be applied to a variety of cat.
The Polish Jesuit missionary to south China, Michael Boym (ca. 1612-1659), was the first Westerner to describe the Sumxu in his illustrated book Flora Sinensis (1656). "Sum Xu" was the Portuguese rendering of songshu, meaning "pine rat" and the description indicated the [read more...]
- List of cats
This is a list of specific natural cats. For fictional cats refer to "List of fictional cats". For cat breeds, see List of cat breeds.
Cats famous in their own right
All Ball, the first cat of Koko the gorilla.
Alex the Kitty, the second cat of Koko the gorilla.
Baby, world's oldest cat, born in 1970, died 30 March 2008. 
Blackie, a cat that inherited 15 million British Pounds and thus became the richest cat in history.
Casper, a cat that was famous for travelling on a No. 3 bus in Plymouth, and inspired the book, Casper the Commuting Cat.
Catarina, Edgar Allan Poe's pet cat and the inspiration for his story The Black Cat.
Chessie, the mascot of the Chesapeake & Ohio Railway, and later the Chessie System, whose slogan was "sleep like a kitten."
CC (Copy Cat, or Carbon Cat), the first cloned cat.
Emily American cat who, after being lost, was found to have gone to France.
Faith, London cat that took up residence in St Faith & St Augustine's church (by St Paul's [read more...]
- Cat Mandu
Cat Mandu (1995–2002; also spelled "Catmando") was a ginger tabby cat who served as the joint-leader of Britain's Official Monster Raving Loony Party (OMRLP) from 1999–2002, along with his owner, Howling Laud Hope.
In 1999, the OMRLP had to select a new leader following the death of the party's founder, Screaming Lord Sutch. Alan "Howling Laud" Hope (who was then the party's chairman and deputy leader) and Cat Mandu were the only two candidates in the party leadership election. The vote was a tie, with Hope and Cat Mandu receiving 125 votes each. Hope, as the party chairman, had the casting vote, and decided that he and Cat Mandu should serve as joint leaders. Cat Mandu served in this role until his death as a result of a traffic accident in July 2002. Hope then became the party's sole leader.
Following Cat Mandu's death, the party proposed that there should be cat-crossings at all major roads.
Cat Mandu was originally called "Catman". His name was [read more...]
- Oscar (therapy cat)
Oscar (born 2005) is a therapy cat living in the Steere House Nursing and Rehabilitation Center, Rhode Island, United States. He came to public attention in July 2007 when he was featured in an article by David Dosa, a geriatrician and assistant professor at Brown University, in the New England Journal of Medicine. According to Dosa, Oscar appears able to predict the impending death of terminally ill patients. Explanations for this ability include the lack of movement in such patients, or that the cat can smell ketones, the biochemicals released by dying cells.
Oscar became the subject of a book by Dosa in 2010, Making Rounds With Oscar: The Extraordinary Gift of an Ordinary Cat.
Oscar was adopted as a kitten from an animal shelter and grew up in the third-floor end-stage dementia unit at Steere House Nursing and Rehabilitation Center in Providence, Rhode Island. The 41-bed unit treats people with Alzheimer's, Parkinson's disease and other illnesses, most of whom are in [read more...]
- Manx (cat)
A crouching, riser-tailed, black and white female Manx.
Isle of Man (UK dependency)
Long-haired specimens may be considered a separate breed, the Cymric
Cat (Felis catus)
The Manx cat ( // ; Manx language: kayt Manninagh), formerly often spelled Manks, is a breed of domestic cat originating on the Isle of Man, with a naturally occurring mutation which shortens the tail. Many Manx have a small stub of a tail, but Manx cats are best known as being entirely tailless; this is the most distinguishing characteristic of the breed, along with elongated rear legs and a rounded head. Manx cats come in all coat colours and patterns, though all-white specimens are rare, and the coat range of the original stock was more limited. Long-haired variants are sometimes considered a separate breed, the Cymric. Manx [read more...]
- Persian (cat)
Iranian plateau ("Persia")
Cat (Felis catus)
The Persian is a longhaired cat characterized by its round face and shortened muzzle. Its name refers to Persia, the former name of Iran, where similar cats are found. Recognized by the cat fancy since the late 19th century, it was developed first by the English, and then mainly by American breeders after the Second World War. In Britain, it is called the Longhair or Persian Longhair.
The selective breeding carried out by breeders has allowed the development of a wide variety of coat colors, but has also led to the creation of increasingly flat-faced Persians. Favored by fanciers; this head structure can bring with it a number of health problems. As is the case with the Siamese breed, there have been efforts by some breeders to preserve the [read more...]